The risk of developing coronary artery disease or congestive heart failure, and overall mortality, in type 2 diabetic patients receiving rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, metformin, or sulfonylureas: a retrospective analysis.
Acta Diabetol. 2009 Jun;46(2):145-54. Epub 2009 Feb 5. PMID: 19194648
Department of Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue NA10, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Oral anti-diabetic agents have been associated with adverse cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes (DM2). We investigated the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), congestive heart failure (CHF), and mortality using multivariable Cox models in a retrospective cohort of 20,450 DM2 patients from our electronic health record (EHR). We observed no differences in CAD risk among the agents. Metformin was associated with a reduced risk of CHF (HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.64-0.91) and mortality (HR 0.54, 95% CI 0.46-0.64) when compared to sulfonylurea. Pioglitazone was also associated with a lower risk of mortality when compared to sulfonylurea (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.43-0.81). No other significant differences were found between the oral agents. In conclusions, our results did not identify an increased CAD risk with rosiglitazone in clinical practice. However, the results do reinforce a possible increased risk of adverse events in DM2 patients prescribed sulfonylureas.