Synergistic Effects of SAM and Selenium Compounds on Proliferation, Migration and Adhesion of HeLa Cells.
Anticancer Res. 2017 08 ;37(8):4433-4441. PMID: 28739737
BACKGROUND/AIM: To determine the antitumor activities and molecular mechanism of selenium compounds in HeLa cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Western blotting was used to detect ERK and AKT activation in HeLa cells induced by selenium compounds selenomethionine (SeMet), methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys) and methylseleninic acids (MeSeA). Using MTT, wound-healing and Matrigel adhesion assays, the antitumor effects of SAM and selenium compounds were evaluated in HeLa cells.
RESULTS: MeSeA inhibited ERK and AKT signaling pathways and suppressed the proliferation (p<0.05 vs. HeLa control), migration (p<0.05 vs. HeLa control) and adhesion (p<0.01 vs. HeLa control) of HeLa cells. MeSeCys and SeMet inhibited AKT signaling pathways and the migration (p<0.05 vs. HeLa control) and adhesion (p<0.01 vs. HeLa control) of HeLa cells. The synergistic action of MeSeA with SAM led to a statistically significant inhibition of proliferation, migration and adhesion of HeLa cells.
CONCLUSION: MeSeA, MeSeCys and SeMet exert different antitumor activities by inhibiting ERK and AKT signaling pathways. The combination of MeSeA and SAM exhibited better antitumor effects compared to the other treatments.