T. officinale leaf extract possesses significant anti-oxidant effects. - GreenMedInfo Summary
In Vitro and In Vivo Antioxidant Properties ofinω-Nitro-l-Arginine Methyl Ester (L-NAME)-Induced Hypertensive Rats.
Antioxidants (Basel). 2019 Aug 15 ;8(8). Epub 2019 Aug 15. PMID: 31443195
Olukayode O Aremu
Oxidative stress has gained attention as one of the fundamental mechanisms responsible for the development of hypertension. The present study investigated in vitro and in vivo antioxidant effects of 70% ethanol-water (/) leaf and root extracts of(TOL and TOR, respectively). Total phenolic and flavonoid content of plant extracts were assessed using Folin Ciocalteau and aluminium chloride colorimetric methods; while, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrlhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) protocols were used to determine the free radical scavenging and total antioxidant capacities (TAC), respectively. The in vivo total antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde acid (MDA) levels for lipid peroxidation tests were performed on organ homogenate samples fromω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats treated with leaf extract, TOL (500 mg/kg/day) and TOR (500 mg/kg/day) for 21 days. Results showed that compared to TOR, TOL possessed significantly higher (<0.01) polyphenol (4.35± 0.15 compared to 1.14 ± 0.01) and flavonoid (23.17 ± 0.14 compared to 3 ± 0.05) content; free radical scavenging activity (EC0.37 compared to 1.34 mg/mL) and total antioxidant capacities (82.56% compared to 61.54% ABTS, and 156± 5.28 compared to 40 ± 0.31 FRAP) and both extracts showed no toxicity (LD>5000 mg/kg). TOL and TOR significantly (<0.01) elevated TAC and reduced MDA levels in targets organs. In conclusion,leaf extract possesses significant anti-oxidant effects which conferred significant in vivo antioxidant protection against free radical-mediated oxidative stress in L-NAME-induced hypertensive rats.