Abstract Title:

Antiulcerogenic activity of bark extract of Tabebuia avellanedae, Lorentz ex Griseb.

Abstract Source:

J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Aug 13;118(3):455-9. Epub 2008 May 18. PMID:18579323

Abstract Author(s):

André Twardowschy, Cristina Setim Freitas, Cristiane Hatsuko Baggio, Bárbara Mayer, Ana Cristina dos Santos, Moacir Geraldo Pizzolatti, Aline Alvarez Zacarias, Elide Pereira dos Santos, Michel Fleith Otuki, Maria Consuelo Andrade Marques

Abstract:

Tabebuia avellanedae is commonly used for the treatment of peptic ulcers. We carried out this study with the ethanolic extract of bark from Tabebuia avellanedae (EET) (30-1000 mg/kg) to determine its gastroprotective activity and to clarify the pathways involved in this effect. Acute gastric ulceration in rats was produced by oral administration of ethanol and ibuprofen. After ethanol administration, the gastric wall mucus was examined. Chronic gastric ulceration was produced by injection of acetic acid in rat gastric subserosa. Anti-secretory studies were undertaken using Shay rat pylorus ligature technique and measurement of enzymatic activity of H+, K+-ATPase in vitro. Administration of EET p.o. or i.p. significantly inhibited gastric mucosa damage induced by ethanol and ibuprofen. The anti-ulcer effect was further confirmed by enhanced gastric mucus production. In pylorus ligature rats, EET significantly reduced the basal gastric acid secretion and total acidity; moreover, it inhibited the increase in total acidity induced by histamine. In addition, EET reduced the activity of H+, K+, ATPase. The results obtained in the present pharmacological assay indicate that this plant has a protective action against gastric lesions, involving the maintenance of protective factors, such as mucus and prostaglandin, besides the reduction of gastric total acidity.

Study Type : Animal Study

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