Tangeretin inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma proliferation and migration by promoting autophagy-related BECLIN1.
Cancer Manag Res. 2019 ;11:5231-5242. Epub 2019 Jun 6. PMID: 31239776
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a particularly prevalent type of liver cancer and is one of the deadliest malignancies in Asia. Tangeretin is a biological compound extracted from traditional Chinese herbs and has been shown to have potential antitumour properties; however, its mechanism remains largely unknown. Therefore, we sought to determine the role of Tangeretin in HepG2 cells subjected to antitumour treatment.Cell proliferation was quantified using CCK-8, EdU and colony formation assays, and cell migration was quantified using transwell migration and wound healing assays. Protein expression was assessed using Western blot analysis. Small interfering RNA was used to interfer protein expression. Immunoprecipitation was performed to detect the protein-protein interactions.Tangeretin decreased cell proliferation and increased G2/M arrest. Tangeretin decreased cell migration. Tangeretin increased the LC3II/LC3I ratio and decreased p62 expression in HepG2 cells. Furthermore, the knockdown of BECLIN1 expression in HepG2 cells partially converted the Tangeretin-induced inhibition of proliferation, migration and autophagy. In addition, Tangeretin activated the JNK1/Bcl-2 pathway and disturbed the interaction between Bcl-2 and BECLIN1. Together, our findings demonstrate that Tangeretin inhibited the proliferation and migration of HepG2 cells through JNK/Bcl-2/BECLIN1 pathway-mediated autophagy.Our study contributes to the understanding of the inhibitory mechanism of Tangeretin on HCC development.