Tangeretin may play an effective protective role in liver injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Attenuation of tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide ( t-BHP)-Induced Oxidative Damage in HepG2 Cells by Tangeretin: Relevance of the Nrf2-ARE and MAPK Signaling Pathways.
J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Jun 27 ;66(25):6317-6325. Epub 2018 Jun 14. PMID: 29871486
The current study evaluates the protective effects of tangeretin, a representative polymethoxyflavone (PMF) mainly isolated from the peels of citrus fruits, against tert-butyl hydroperoxide ( t-BHP)-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells and the potential mechanisms of this protection. Tangeretin suppressed t-BHP-induced oxidative damage, as evaluated by cell viability, reactive-oxygen-species (ROS) levels, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage and glutathione (GSH) levels. Further mechanistic studies showed that tangeretin up-regulated the expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). Moreover, tangeretin induced antioxidant-responsive-element (ARE)-dependent luciferase activation, nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) nuclear translocation, and mitogen-activated-protein-kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. Results in the study indicate that the protective effects of tangeretin may be at least partly due to its capacity to up-regulate the antioxidant enzymes NQO1 and HO-1 via the MAPK-Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway. Tangeretin may play an effective protective role in liver injury.