Tanshinone IIA prevents left ventricular remodelling in rats with myocardial infarction. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tanshinone IIA prevents left ventricular remodelling via the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signalling pathway in rats with myocardial infarction.
J Cell Mol Med. 2018 Jun ;22(6):3058-3072. Epub 2018 Mar 10. PMID: 29524303
In this study, we aim to investigate the role of tanshinone IIA in myocardial infarction (MI), especially in left ventricular remodelling (VR) and the underlying mechanism involving the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signalling pathway. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 96) were selected, and 12 of them underwent sham surgery. The remaining 84 rats were subjected to MI modelling. HE and MT staining were carried out to estimate infract size, histopathological changes and fibrosis degree. Macrophage infiltration and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting were used to determine the expression levels of TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB. Serum levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-a, procollagen I Cpropeptide (PICP), and procollagen III N-propeptide (PIIINP) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The heart weight/body weight, mean arterial pressure (MAP), left ventricular end-systolic pressure (LVESP), +dP/dt and -dP/dt increased while the ventricular function andthe left ventricular end-diastole pressure (LVEDP) decreased in MI rats. Compared with the rats undergoing sham surgery, MI rats showed larger infarct size, severer fibrosis, higher expression levels of TLR4, NF-κB-P65, MyD88, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-a, PICP and PIIINP as well as enhanced macrophageinfiltration, cardiomyocyte apoptosis. After treatment with tanshinone IIA combined with LPS for 4 weeks, the rats showed better condition than those treated with only LPS. These results indicate that tanshinone IIA attenuates MI and prevents left VR. Importantly, inhibition of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signalling pathway is a key step in this process.