Tanshinone IIA Restores Dynamic Balance of Autophagosome/Autolysosome in Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity via Targeting Beclin1/LAMP1.
Cancers (Basel). 2019 Jun 28 ;11(7). Epub 2019 Jun 28. PMID: 31261758
Clinical use of the anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) is largely limited due to its severe cardiotoxicity. Dysregulation of autophagy is implicated in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity (DIC). Prior studies have indicated that Beclin1 and lysosomal-associated membrane proteins-1 (LAMP1) are critical mediators of autophagy. In this work, by assessing autophagic flux in a DOX-stimulated H9C2 model, we observed autolysosome accumulation caused by interruption of autolysosome degradation. Tanshinone IIA (TSA) is a well-known small molecule that exerts impressive cardioprotective effects on heart failure. Here, we investigated the regulation of TSA in DOX-treated zebrafish, mice, and H9C2 models. Results demonstrated that TSA remarkably improved heart function and reversed pathological changes in vivo, while TSA restored autophagic flux by promoting autolysosome degradation and autophagosome formation. Further experiments demonstrated that these effects were mediated through upregulation of Beclin1 and LAMP1. The mTOR agonist MHY1485 was shown to abrogate the effect of TSA via the UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1)-Beclin1/TFEB-LAMP1 signaling pathway in vitro, demonstrating that TSA protects against DIC by promoting autophagy via the Beclin1/LAMP1 signaling pathway. We further employed a U87 model to assess whether TSA would compromise the antitumor activity of DOX. Intriguingly, the co-treatment of TSA was able to synergistically inhibit proliferative activity. Collectively, in this study we uncover the novel insight that TSA is able to reduce the cardiotoxicity of DOX without compromising antitumor activity.