TanshinoneⅡA inhibits VSMC inflammation and proliferation in vivo and in vitro by downregulating miR-712-5p expression.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2020 May 6:173140. Epub 2020 May 6. PMID: 32387370
The inflammation and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the basic pathological feature of proliferative vascular diseases. TanshinoneⅡA (Tan ⅡA), which is the most abundant fat-soluble element extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, has potent protective effects on the cardiovascular system. However, the underlying mechanism is still not fully understood. Here, we show that Tan ⅡA significantly inhibits neointimal formation anddecreases VSMC inflammation by upregulating the expression of KLF4 and inhibiting the activation of NFκB signaling. Using a microRNA array analysis, we found that miR-712-5p expression is significantly upregulated in tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)-treated VSMCs. Loss- and gain-of-function experiments revealed that transfection of miR-712-5p mimic promotes, whereas depletion of miR-712-5p suppresses TNF-α-induced VSMC inflammation, leading to amelioration of intimal hyperplasia induced by carotid artery ligation. Moreover, depletion of miR-712-5p by its antagomir largely abrogates TNF-α-induced VSMC proliferation. Our findings suggest that miR-712-5p mediates the stimulatory effect of TNF-α on VSMC inflammation, and that Tan ⅡA inhibits VSMC inflammation and proliferation in vivo and in vitro by suppression of miR-712-5p expression. Targeting miR-712-5p may be a novel therapeutic strategy to prevent proliferative vascular diseases.