Taraxasterol from dandelion prevents concanavalin A-induced acute hepatic injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Taraxasterol fromprevents concanavalin A-induced acute hepatic injury in mice via modulating TLRs/NF-κB and Bax/Bc1-2 signalling pathways.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec ;47(1):3929-3937. PMID: 31571510
Immune hepatic injury is a liver disease closely related to an immune imbalance of T cells and macrophages. Our previous series of studies have demonstrated that taraxasterol isolated frompossesses great anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effectsand. In this study, we explored the preventive effects of taraxasterol and its underlying mechanisms on concanavalin A (Con A)-induced acute hepatic injury in mice. It was found that treatment with taraxasterol significantly decreased the Con A-induced increase of liver index, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and increased the Con A-induced decrease of hepatic glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) production. Taraxasterol also significantly inhibited the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and IL-4. In addition, treatment with taraxasterol alleviated the hepatic histopathological injury and apoptosis induced by Con A. Furthermore, taraxasterol dramatically down-regulated the expressions of T toll-like receptor (TLR2), TLR4 and nuclear factor-κappaB (NF-κB) p65, and decreased the expression ratio of Bax/Bc1-2 in hepatic tissues. These findings suggest that taraxasterol prevents Con A-induced acute hepatic injury in mice by inhibiting TLRs/NF-κB inflammatory signalling pathway and promoting Bax/Bc1-2 anti-apoptotic signalling pathway.