Tea polyphenols ameliorates memory decline in aging model. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tea polyphenols ameliorates memory decline in aging model rats by inhibiting brain TLR4/NF-κB inflammatory signaling pathway caused by intestinal flora dysbiosis.
Exp Gerontol. 2021 Jul 12:111476. Epub 2021 Jul 12. PMID: 34265410
AIMS: Tea is a rich source of pharmacologically active molecules that has been suggested to provide a variety of health benefits. However, its mechanism of action in aging-related intestinal flora dysbiosis mediated neuroinflammation is still unclear. This study aimed to explore whether tea polyphenols (TP) can improve memory by regulating intestinal flora mediated neuroinflammation in aging model rats.
METHODS: Ovariectomy (OVX) combined with D-galactose injection was used to establish aging rats related to menopause. The rats were divided into Sham control group, Aging model group, TP 75 mg/kg, 150 mg/kg, 300 mg/kg groups and VE group. After 12 weeks of intervention, the shuttle box test and Y maze test were used to check the memory of rats. The composition of intestinal flora was assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing technology. HE staining and ELISA were used to detect intestinal epithelial morphology and permeability, respectively. TLR4/NF-κB inflammation pathway related indicators were investigated by western blot, and the microglia activation in rat hippocampal tissue was checked by immunofluorescence.
RESULTS: In the shuttle box test and the Y maze test, compared with the Sham control group, the memory of Aging model rats was significantly declined. It was observed that the intestinal flora of Aging model rats was dysbiosis, the permeability of the intestinal epithelium was increased. Further experimental results showed that the expression of TLR4/NF-κB inflammatory pathway related proteins in the hippocampus were increased, and the excessive activation of microglia was observed. The beneficial effects of TP intervention have been found to prevent memory decline and significantly improve brain inflammation induced by intestinal flora dysbiosis,and TP 300 mg/kg showed a more obvious advantage than TP 75 mg/kg. TP 300 mg/kg can significantly improve the behavior of rats, improve the composition and diversity of the intestinal flora, and the shape and function of the intestinal epithelium. By reversing the increased expression levelsof TLR4, IRAK, p-IκBα and nuclear NF-κB p65 proteins in the hippocampus of Aging model rats, the activation of microglia in the CA1, CA3 and Dentate gyrus (DG) sub-regions of the hippocampus can be inhibited.
CONCLUSION: TP inhibits the brain TLR4/NF-κB inflammatory signal pathway caused by the dysbiosis of intestinal flora, which may be one of the mechanisms to improve the memory decline in aging model rats.