Tetramethylpyrazine alleviates neural apoptosis in injured spinal cord. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tetramethylpyrazine alleviates neural apoptosis in injured spinal cord via the downregulation of miR-214-3p.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Oct ;94:827-833. Epub 2017 Aug 10. PMID: 28802236
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the regulation effect of tetramethylpyrazine on microRNA-214-3p (miR-214-3p) in the spinal cord injury (SCI) rats model and to elucidate the neuroprotective effect and its mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine after SCI.
METHODS: Ten Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish the SCI rats model, and the expression levels of miR-214-3p and Bcl2l2 were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting at 7 days post-SCI. BBB scoring test was performed to evaluate the motor functional recovery at 21 days post-SCI. Twenty-five SCI rats were randomly assigned to five groups: SCI negative control (NC) group, tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) group, miR-214-3p agomir group, TMP/agomir group and the sham group. The rats were given a two-week injection treatment with or without TMP. The expression levels of miR-214-3p, Bcl2l2, Bax and caspase 3 were measured by qRT-PCR and Western blotting at 7 days after injection. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) -mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to detect cell apoptosis in vivo. Luciferase activity was measured to verify the miR-214-3p target site in the 3'-UTR of Bcl2l2 mRNA. TMP treatment was also performed to injure primary cultured neuron cells and cell apoptosis in vitro was determined by flow cytometry.
RESULTS: MiR-214-3p was up-regulated while anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2l2 was downregulated post-SCI. TMP inhibited the apoptosis in vivo via decreasing the levels of miR-214-3p and increasing the expression level of Bcl2l2. A potential target site of miR-214-3p in the 3'UTR of Bcl2l2 mRNA was identified and validated by luciferase reporter assay. Furthermore, TMP could effectively inhibit neuron cells apoptosis in vitro.
CONCLUSIONS: TMP alleviated neural apoptosis in injured spinal cord via down-regulation of miR-214-3p.