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Abstract Title:

Traffic-related air pollution and otitis media.

Abstract Source:

Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Sep;114(9):1414-8. PMID: 16966098

Abstract Author(s):

Michael Brauer, Ulrike Gehring, Bert Brunekreef, Johan de Jongste, Jorrit Gerritsen, Maroeska Rovers, Heinz-Erich Wichmann, Alet Wijga, Joachim Heinrich

Article Affiliation:

University of British Columbia, School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. brauer@interchange.ubc.ca

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Otitis media is one of the most common infections in young children. Although exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is a known risk factor associated with otitis media, little information is available regarding the potential association with air pollution.

OBJECTIVE: We set out to study the relationship between exposure to traffic-related air pollution and otitis media in two birth cohorts.

METHODS: Individual estimates of outdoor concentrations of traffic-related air pollutants-nitrogen dioxide, fine particles [particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters

RESULTS: Odds ratios (adjusted for known major risk factors) for otitis media indicated positive associations with traffic-related air pollutants. An increase in 3 microg/m3 PM2.5, 0.5 microg/m3 elemental carbon, and 10 microg/m3 NO2 was associated with odds ratios of 1.13 (95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.27) , 1.10 (1.00-1.22) , and 1.14 (1.03-1.27) in the Netherlands and 1.24 (0.84-1.83) , 1.10 (0.86-1.41) , and 1.14 (0.87-1.49) in Germany, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate an association between exposure to traffic-related air pollutants and the incidence of otitis media. Given the ubiquitous nature of air pollution exposure and the importance of otitis media to children's health, these findings have significant public health implications.

Study Type : Human Study

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