Higher content of 18:1 trans fatty acids in subcutaneous fat of persons with coronarographically documented atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries.
Ann Nutr Metab. 2003;47(6):302-5. PMID: 14520026
Division of Nutrition, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ruská 87, CZ-100.00 Prague 10, Czech Republic. Pavel.Dlouhy@lf3.cuni.cz
AIM: To identify the total content of trans fatty acid (TFA) isomers and C18:1 trans isomers in subcutaneous fat samples from persons with atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, as an indicator of dietary exposure. METHODS: Using capillary gas chromatography, the authors determined total content of TFA isomers and C18:1 trans isomers in the subcutaneous fat of 34 patients with ischemic heart disease who had undergone aortocoronary bypass surgery and in 46 patients with no sign of coronary disease. RESULTS: On average, the total TFAs in cardiac patients were 2.88 +/- 1.19% of all fatty acids, in noncardiac patients 2.56 +/- 0.89%. However, the difference is not statistically significant. The average concentration of C18:1 trans in cardiac patients (2.31 +/- 1.09%) was statistically significantly higher (p = 0.05) than in the noncardiac group (1.95 +/- 0.77%). CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained indicate a lower TFA load in comparison with previous studies in other countries. A higher concentration of 18:1 TFAs in the subcutaneous fat of patients with coronary disease might be an impulse to correct the dietary habits of this very high-risk population.