Abstract Title:

Caspase-independent cell death by allicin in human epithelial carcinoma cells: involvement of PKA.

Abstract Source:

Cancer Lett. 2005 Jun 16 ;224(1):123-32. Epub 2004 Nov 14. PMID: 15911108

Abstract Author(s):

Sook-Young Park, Seong-Jun Cho, Hak-Chul Kwon, Kang-Ro Lee, Dong-Kwon Rhee, Suhkneung Pyo

Article Affiliation:

Sook-Young Park


Allicin, the major component of Garlic (Allium sativum) was examined for the ability to induce apoptosis and the mechanism of the induction of apoptosis in human epithelial carcinoma cells. Allicin inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in gastric epithelial cells. Treatment with allicin resulted in morphological changes, DNA fragmentation, hypodiploid DNA contents and the translocation of Bax to mitochondria. The release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into the cytosol, which is an initiator of the activation of caspase cascades, was observed in allicin-treated cells. However, pretreatment with Z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone (Z-VAD-fmk), a broad spectrum of caspase inhibitor, could not rescue apoptotic cells from allicin toxicity. Coincidently, caspase-3 activation and cleavage of PARP were not detected. In addition, caspase independent apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) was released from mitochondria after treatment with allicin. After pre-incubation of cells with the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor H-89, allicin was not capable of inducing an increase of the rate of apoptosis with affecting the expression levels of Bax and AIF. These data demonstrate that allicin induces a caspase-independent apoptotic pathway mediated by mitochondrial release of AIF and PKA appears to be involved in allicin-induced apoptosis in gastric epithelial cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.