The protective effect of myricitrin in osteoarthritis: An in vitro and in vivo study.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Jul ;84:106511. Epub 2020 May 1. PMID: 32361653
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a long-term, chronic, progressive joint condition caused by a pathology characterized by the deterioration of joint cartilage and proliferation of subchondral bone. Myricitrin (Myr) is a flavonoid compound extracted from myrica rubra with potent anti-inflammatory properties, as demonstrated in various studies. However, the mechanisms by which Myr plays a protective role in OA are not completely understood. In this study, the anti-inflammatory properties and potential mechanisms of Myr on mouse chondrocytes treated with interleukin (IL) -1beta (β) were explored in vitro and the role of Myr in a mouse model of OA in vivo. The production of pro-inflammatory factors, such as IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) were assessed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the Griess reaction. Protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), Collagen-II, matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-13, MMP-3, thrombospondin motifs 5(ADAMTS5), inhibitor ofnuclear factor kappa-B (IκB), p-IκB, p65, p-p65, c-jun-terminal kinase (JNK), p-JNK, extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), p-ERK, p38 and p-p38 were quantified using Western blot analysis. In the present study, we found that Myr inhibited IL-1β-induced production of NO and PGE2, expression of MMP-13, MMP-3 and ADAMTS5 and degradation of collagen-II in mouse chondrocytes. Mechanistically, Myrinhibited the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) treated with IL-1β in mouse chondrocytes. In vivo, Myr decreased OA Research Society International (OARSI) scores in a surgically-induced mouse model of OA. These data suggest that Myr could be developed as a potential therapyfor OA.