Cardioprotective Effect of Ethanolic Leaf Extract ofL Against Regional Ischemia-Induced Arrhythmia and Heart Injury after Five Days of Reperfusion in Rats.
Iran J Pharm Res. 2019 ;18(3):1530-1542. PMID: 32641961
has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities and is used in various diseases. Aim of the studyWe investigated the role ofextract (MOE) against ischemia-induced arrhythmia and heart injury after five days of reperfusion in anrat model of regional heart ischemia. The leaf extract ofwas standardized through HPLC analysis. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 32) were subjected to 30 min of ischemia by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by 5 days of reperfusion. The rats (n = 8 in each group) were randomized to receive vehicle oras follows: group I served as saline control with ischemia, groups II, III and IV received different doses of MOE- (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg, respectively), by oral gavage daily for 14 days prior to ischemia. Administration ofsignificantly improved ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial dysfunction by reduction of infarct size, also, during the ischemic period, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular ectopic beats episodes decreased as compared with that of the control group. Stabilized ST segment changes and QTc shortening increased the R and T wave amplitudes and the heart rate during ischemia. The extract also caused significant elevations in serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity as well as a significant decrease in serum cardiac troponin I (CTnI), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, 5 days after reperfusion. MOE-100mg/kg was the effective dose. Cinamic acid (21.81± 1.26 mg/gr) was the main phenolic compound of plant sample. The ethanol extract ofwas observed to exhibit cardioprotective effects against I/R injury, probably due to antioxidant properties. The results indicate that MOE has antioxidant and cardio-protective effects against ischemia-induced arrhythmias and ischemia-reperfusion induced injury as was reflected by reduction of infarct size and cardiac injury biomarkers. These data support the potential uses of M. officinalis in the treatment of heart ischemia- reperfusion disorders and even developing new anti- arrhythmias drugs after further investigations.