Quercetin alleviates the injury-induced decrease of protein phosphatase 2A subunit B in cerebral ischemic animal model and glutamate-exposed HT22 cells.
J Vet Med Sci. 2019 May 16. Epub 2019 May 16. PMID: 31092742
Quercetin is a plant flavonoid that has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-ischemic properties. Moreover, quercetin exerts neuroprotective effects against focal cerebral ischemia. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a form of serine/threonine phosphatase that modulates various biological functions. Among PP2A subunit types, subunit B exists abundantly in brain tissue and plays an essential function in nervous system. We previously reported that the decrease of PP2A subunit B in focal cerebral animal model. This study explored the change of PP2A subunit B expression by quercetin treatment in cerebral ischemic animal model and glutamate-treated hippocampal-derived (HT22) cell culture. Quercetin (10 mg/kg) or vehicle was injected intraperitoneally into male rats before 30 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and cerebral cortices were isolated 24 hr after MCAO. MCAO induced the neurological behavioral deficit and increased infarct volume. However, quercetin treatment attenuated the increase of neurological deficit and infarction. We detected the alleviation of MCAO-induced the decrease in PP2A subunit B by quercetin treatment using a proteomic approach. Reverse-transcription PCR and Western blot analyses confirmed lower PP2A subunit B expression levels in MCAO group with vehicle. However, quercetin treatment attenuated MCAO-induced this reduction. We also observed the neuroprotective effect of quercetin and the change of PP2A subunit B expression in glutamate-exposed HT22 cells. Glutamate exposure dramatically reduced cell viability and PP2A subunit B expression, and quercetin treatment significantly improved these decreases. We clearly showed that quercetin performs a neuroprotective function and modulates down-regulation of PP2A subunit B against MCAO injury and glutamate toxicity. Thus, our finding suggests that the regulation of PP2A subunit B by quercetin contributes to neuroprotective function in ischemic brain injury.