Supplementation of 100% Flesh Watermelon [(Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai] Juice Improves Swimming Performance in Rats.
Prev Nutr Food Sci. 2019 Mar ;24(1):41-48. Epub 2019 Mar 31. PMID: 31008095
Nutritional intervention of fruit juice supplementation is able to maximize exercise performance. Watermelon [(Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai] contains high L-citrulline content and consumption of watermelon juice may promote ergogenic effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of 100% flesh watermelon juice and 100% rind watermelon juice supplementation for 14 days on swimming performance in rats. Twenty four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: Cx group of rats supplemented with filtered tap water (negative control), L-cit group of rats supplemented with L-citrulline (positive control), FR group of rats supplemented with 100% flesh watermelon juice, and RR group of rats supplemented with 100% rind watermelon juice. Each group was supplemented for 14 daysprior to swimming exercise protocol. The rats were performed swimming exercise for 3 days and swimming time until exhaustion was measured. Plasma samples were collected to measure lactate concentration, ammonia concentration, and nitric oxide production. Rats supplemented with 100% flesh watermelon juice demonstrated significantly prolonged of swimming time until exhaustion, reduction of lactate and ammonia concentrations, and increased of nitric oxide production compared to Cx and L-cit groups (<0.05). These findings postulate that supplementation with 100% flesh watermelon juice improves endurance in swimming performance.