Blackberry extract improves behavioral and neurochemical dysfunctions in a ketamine-induced rat model of mania.
Neurosci Lett. 2020 Jan 1 ;714:134566. Epub 2019 Nov 4. PMID: 31698027
Vitor C Chaves
Bipolar disorder is a chronic mood disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of blackberry extract on behavioral parameters, oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in a ketamine-induced model of mania. Animals were pretreated with extract (200 mg/kg, once a day for 14 days), lithium chloride (45 mg/kg, twice a day for 14 days), or vehicle. Between the 8th and 14th days, the animals received an injection of ketamine (25 mg/kg) or vehicle. On the 15th day, thirty minutes after ketamine administration, the animals' locomotion was assessed using open-field apparatus. After the experiments, the animals were euthanized and cerebral structures were removed for neurochemical analyses. The results showed that ketamine treatment induced hyperlocomotion and oxidative damage in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus and striatum. In contrast,pretreatment with the extract or lithium was able to prevent hyperlocomotion and oxidative damage in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and striatum. In addition, IL-6 and IL-10 levels were increased by ketamine, while the extract prevented these effects in the cerebral cortex. Pretreatment with theextract was also effective in decreasing IL-6 and increasing the level of IL-10 in the striatum. In summary, our findings suggest that blackberry consumption could help prevent or reduce manic episodes, since this extract have demonstrated neuroprotective properties as well as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in the ketamine-induced mania model.