LC-MS/MS Analysis and Hepatoprotective Activity of Artichoke (L.) Leaves Extract against High Fat Diet-Induced Obesity in Rats.
Biomed Res Int. 2019 ;2019:4851279. Epub 2019 May 23. PMID: 31240213
Maryem Ben Salem
L. (Artichoke) has been used for the treatment of metabolic disorders. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the hepatoprotective effect ofleaves extract against a high fat diet (HFD) induced rats. This study investigated the most abundant phenolic compounds richleaves extract and it is antihypercholesterolemic and antioxidative effects. The hypercaloric high fat diet (HFD) was treated with 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg of ethanol extract (EEA) from leaves ofand atorvastatin (ATOR) (10 mg/kg/day) during an 8-week period. Lipid profile was measured and oxidative stress systematic in hepatic tissue was determined. Our data revealed that HFD-induced hepatic dysfunction manifested by significant abnormal levels of AST, ALT, ALP, LDH, and OCT was accompanied by increasing levels of oxidative stress biomarker (ROS, MDA, and AOPP) while decreasing in antioxidant status. Coadministration of EEA significantly reduced serum lipid profile and hepatic disorders which was confirmed to be histological by reducing the fatty liver deposition in hepatic lobule. These findings suggest thatleaves exert antiobesity and antioxidant liver effects in HFD-induced obese rats.