Honokiol Attenuates Sepsis-Associated Acute Kidney Injury via the Inhibition of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation.
Inflammation. 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24. PMID: 30680694
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common complications of sepsis, which largely contributes to the high mortality rate of sepsis. Honokiol, a natural polyphenol from the traditional Chinese herb Magnolia officinalis, is known to possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Here, the underlying mechanism of honokiol-induced amelioration of sepsis-associated AKI was analyzed. The expression patterns of oxidative stress moleculars and TLRs-mediated inflammation pathway were examined to identify the response of NRK-52E cells incubated with septic rats' serum to honokiol. The levels of iNOS, NO, and myeloperoxidase in NRK-52E cells were increased during sepsis, which could be reversed by honokiol. The production of GSH and SOD as in vivo antioxidant was increased after honokiol treatment. The administration of honokiol significantly inhibited TLR2/4/MyD88 signaling pathway in AKI-induced NRK-52E cells. Furthermore, ZnPPIX, the HO-1 inhibitor, weakened honokiol-mediated morphological amelioration, and the reduced level of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in kidneys of rats subjected to CLP. Finally, Honokiol was shown to connect with the Nrf2-Keap1 dimensionally. These findings suggest that honokiol plays its protective role on sepsis-associated AKI against oxidative stress and inflammatory signals.