Protection Against Doxorubicin-induced Nephropathy by Plantago major in Rat.
Iran J Kidney Dis. 2018 03 ;12(2):99-106. PMID: 29507272
Zohreh Naji Ebrahimi Yazd
INTRODUCTION: Nephropathy is an important side effect of doxorubicin. The aim of the current study was to investigate the protective effect of Plantago major extract against doxorubicin-induced functional and histological damage in rat's kidney.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty Albino rats were randomly divided into 6 groups. Doxorubicin, 5 mg/kg, was injected intravenously on the 7th day of the study. Animals were treated with dexamethasone, 0.9 mg/kg, vitamin E, 100 mg/kg, and P major extract, 600 mg/kg and 1200 mg/kg, for 7 days before and 4 weeks after doxorubicin administration. Glomerular filtration rate, urea clearance, and urine glucose concentration were determined on the 1st day and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after doxorubicin injection. Histological changes were also examined and the end of the study.
RESULTS: Doxorubicin caused significant decreases in glomerular filtration rate and urea clearance and significant glycosuria and kidney damage. Urea clearance in the rats treated with P major showed no significant change between different days of the experiment. Administration of dexamethasone, vitamin E, and low- and high-dose P major significantly improved the glycosuria and kidney tissue damage.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that hydroalcoholic extract of P major protected renal tissue against doxorubicin-induced nephropathy. The protective effects of P major on renal lesions associated with doxorubicin may be due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions.