Hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of a standardized pomegranate () fruit extract in high fat diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Nov 18:1-12. Epub 2020 Nov 18. PMID: 33203257
Diets rich in fats are linked to elevated systemic inflammation, which augments the progression of inflammatory-related disorders including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and neurodegenerative diseases. A phenolic-enriched pomegranate fruit extract (PE) was investigated for its hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects in male C57BL/6 mice fed either a high-fat diet or a standard rodent diet with or without 1% of PE for 12 weeks. Mouse livers and hippocampi were evaluated for the expression of genes associated with NAFLD and inflammation by multiplexed gene analysis. PE alleviated diet-induced fatty liver and suppressed hepatic lipid regulating genes including,,and. In addition, PE suppressed gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including,,,,andin the hippocampi. Our findings support the protective effects of PE against high-fat diet-induced hepatic and neurological disease.