The Renoprotective Effects of Naringenin (NGN) in Gestational Pregnancy.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2020 ;13:53-63. Epub 2020 Jan 8. PMID: 32021351
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance that is first diagnosed during pregnancy, a condition risking the health of both the mother and the baby. Naringenin (NGN) has been demonstrated to have multiple therapeutic functions, while it is also considered to exhibit antidiabetic properties. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of NGN in pregnant diabetic rats.
Methods: GDM was induced by feeding the rats with a high-fat diet for 5 weeks, followed by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (35 mg/kg). The fasting blood glucose were determined with a glucometer and the 24-h urine protein (24-UPro) were determined by the sulfonyl salicylic acid method. The pathological morphological changes and apoptosis of glomeruli cells of kidney tissue using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and TUNEL analysis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were used to detect the serum T-AOC, the activity of SOD, the levels of GSH-Px, CAT and MDA, TNF-α, IL-6, TGF-β, ICAM-1.The expression of related genes were measured by RT-qPCR and Western blot analyses.
Results: In the NGN-treated group, it was observed that the general status of the rats was improved, while the levels of blood glucose and 24-UPro were significantly decreased. In addition, the histopathological changes in renal tissues and renal cell apoptosis were significantly improved upon treatment with NGN. The expression levels of oxidative stress and inflammation-associated factors also differed signifigcantly between the model and NGN-treated groups. Upon treatment with NGN, the levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorα were significantly increased, while the activity of enzymes involved in the oxidative metabolism of fatty acids was significantly decreased.
Conclusion: These preliminary experimental findings demonstrate that NGN has a certain renoprotective effect on GDM, which provides a novel therapeutic option for this condition.