A Comparative Study ofLeaves and Stems Ethanolic Extracts in terms of Antioxidant, Cytotoxic, and Antiproliferative Potential.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018 ;2018:7860456. Epub 2018 May 16. PMID: 29887909
L. has attracted an increased interest in recent years due to its multiple pharmacological effects. This study aimed to compare twoethanolic extracts, obtained from leaves and stems, with regard to their antioxidant activity, total phenolic content, and cytotoxic effects.ethanolic extracts showed a very good antioxidant activity in the DPPH test, correlated with the content in total phenols: higher in the case offrom leaves extract (32.76 mg GAE/g) and lower forfrom stems extract (8.4 mg GAE/g). The lemon balm extracts exerted a cytotoxic effect on breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) even at low concentrations (100 g/mL), whereas, in the case of healthy HaCat cells,leaves extract only displayed cytotoxicity at much higher concentrations (500 and 1000 g/mL) andstems extracts were highly cytotoxic (starting at 100 g/mL). In addition, the extracts exerted inhibitory effects on cell migration and proliferation. These results provide information that confirms the high potential ofas a source of chemopreventive agents. Moreover, these data can be considered a solid background for furtherstudies involving mice bearing breast tumors.