Cucurbitacin B and cisplatin induce the cell death pathways in MB49 mouse bladder cancer model.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2020 May ;245(9):805-814. Epub 2020 Apr 6. PMID: 32252554
Alternative agents that will increase the effectiveness of cisplatin, which are widely used in the advanced stage and metastatic bladder cancer, are being investigated. In previous studies, Cucurbitacin B (CuB), which is a natural compound from the Cucurbitaceae family has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells and create synergistic effects with cisplatin. In this study, we investigated the synergistic effect of CuB with cisplatin for the first time in bladder cancerandmodels. Our findings showed that CuB treatment with cisplatin reduced cell proliferation, and reduced tumor development through activating apoptosis and autophagy via PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Our results showed that CuB may be a new agent that can support conventional treatment in bladder cancer. Our study is important in terms of enlightening new pathways and developing new treatment methods in the treatment of bladder cancer.