Modulatory efficacy of dieckol on xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and angiogenesis during NDEA-induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis.
Mol Cell Biochem. 2017 Sep ;433(1-2):195-204. Epub 2017 Apr 10. PMID: 28397013
Dieckol (DEK) is a major polyphenol of marine brown seaweed Ecklonia cava which is a potential candidate for cancer therapy. However, the underlying mechanism of DEK as an anticancer drug remains to be elucidated. In this study, we evaluated the molecular mechanisms involved in the chemopreventive efficacy of DEK in N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis rats by analyzing markers of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes (XMEs), apoptosis, invasion, and angiogenesis. Rats administered NDEA developed hepatocarcinogenesis that displayed apoptosis avoidance coupled to upregulation of pro-inflammatory, invasion, and angiogenesis markers. Treatment of DEK effectively suppressed the NDEA-initiated hepatocarcinogenesis by modulation of XMEs, inducing of apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway as revealed by modulating the Bcl-2 family proteins, cytochrome C, caspases, and inhibiting invasion, and angiogenesis as evidenced by changes in the activities of MMPs (MMP2/9) and the expression of VEGF. In addition, DEK exerts its anticancer effects via inhibition of pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) and COX2 in NDEA-induced hepatocarcinogenesis. Taken together, this study demonstrates that DEK modulates the expression of key molecules that regulate apoptosis, inflammation, invasion, and angiogenesis. These results strongly indicate that DEK from E. cava is an attractivecandidate for chemoprevention.