These results suggest bufalin can reverse drug resistance in K562/A02 cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The Mechanism of Bufalin-Induced Apoptosis of K562/A02.
Med Sci Monit. 2019 Apr 7 ;25:2542-2552. Epub 2019 Apr 7. PMID: 30955024
BACKGROUND In clinical practice, many patients become multidrug resistant during chemotherapy, resulting in reduced or no healing effect. Therefore, the present study focused on bufalin, which is extracted from a traditional Chinese medicine named Chan Su (Venenum bufonis). We assessed the effect of bufalin in reversing K562/A02 cell drug resistance and inducing apoptosis, and explored the possible mechanism by which bufalin induces K562/A02 cell apoptosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS We used flow cytometry to evaluate intracellular ADM concentration, and RT-PCR and Western blot analysis were used to assess the effect of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) bufalin-related resistance gene expression. We used MTT and flow cytometry to detect apoptosis, and RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis gene action. RESULTS We found that bufalin can increase the concentration of Adriamycin (ADM) in K562/A02 cells by inhibiting the expression of Nrf2 and related drug resistance factors. The results showed that bufalin induced apoptosis of K562/A02 cells by the IRE1alpha/TRAF2/JNK/caspase-12 pathway. CONCLUSIONS These results suggest bufalin can reverse drug resistance in K562/A02 cells and that it induces apoptosis of K562/A02 cells by the IRE1alpha/TRAF2/JNK/caspase-12 pathway.