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Abstract Title:

Impact of garlic (Allium sativum) oil on cisplatin-induced hepatorenal biochemical and histopathological alterations in rats.

Abstract Source:

Sci Total Environ. 2020 Mar 25 ;710:136338. Epub 2019 Dec 28. PMID: 31923684

Abstract Author(s):

Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Haidy G Abdel-Rahman, Amina A Dessouki, Ali H El-Far, Dina M Khodeer, May Bin-Jumah, Mosaed S Alhader, Saad Alkahtani, Lotfi Aleya

Article Affiliation:

Mohamed M Abdel-Daim

Abstract:

Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum II [CDDP]) is a chemotherapeutic agent used for treating different cancers types. However, its usage is limited because it induces harmful toxicities in multiple organs, including nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. Garlic oil (GO) has several pharmacological activities, including antioxidant activity. The aim of the study is to evaluate the protective and antioxidant effects of GO against CDDP-induced acute liver and kidney injuries in male rats. CDDP-treated rats showed increased serum ALT, AST, ALP, LDH, uric acid, urea, creatinine, and IL-6 levels. Moreover, CDDP-treated rats showed significantly increased MDA and NO levels and decreased GSH level and T.SOD and CAT activities in hepatic and renal tissues compared with control rats. GO administration, especially at a dose of 100 ml/kg, alleviated CDDP-induced adverse biochemical and histopathological alterations and restored them to their normal values. These results suggest that GO reverses CDDP-induced hepatorenal damage by exerting antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

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