Association between interleukin-6 (G174C and C572G) promoter gene polymorphisms and risk of ischemic stroke in North Indian population: a case-control study.
Neurol Res. 2016 Feb 17:1-6. Epub 2016 Feb 17. PMID: 26883819
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of G174C and C572G in the interleukin-6 (IL-6) promoter gene can affect both transcription and secretion of IL-6 and may be involved in inflammation related to and pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). Whether these IL-6 gene polymorphisms are risk factors for IS or not, remains controversial.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the association between IL-6 G174C and C572G gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to ischemic stroke in North Indian Population.
METHODS: Two hundred and fifty IS patients and 250 age- and sex-matched controls were studied. Genotyping was performed using SNaPshot method. Stroke was classified using Trial of Org 10172 in acute stroke treatment classification. Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the strength of association between IL-6 (G174C and C572G) polymorphisms and risk of IS.
RESULTS: Hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, alcohol, smoking, family history of stroke, sedentary life style and low socioeconomic status were found to be associated with the risk of IS. Conditional logistic regression analysis showed a significant association of IL-6 G174C with the risk of IS under dominant model (OR, 1.61; 95%CI, 1.0-2.4; P value 0.02) and allelic model (OR, 1.5; 95%CI, 1.0-2.1; P value 0.02). For IL-6 C572G, multivariate adjusted analysis showed a significant association with the risk of IS under dominant model for overall IS (OR, 1.81; 95%CI, 1.04-3.15; P value 0.03) and small vessel disease subtype of IS (OR, 2.8; 95%CI, 1.3-6.0; P value 0.006).
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that IL-6 (G174C) polymorphism is significantly associated with the risk of IS in North Indian population. However, IL-6 (C572G) polymorphism is found significantly associated with the risk of IS after adjusting the demographic and risk factors variables. Prospective studies with large sample size are required for independent validation. Our findings could be helpful in identifying individuals at increased risk for developing IS.