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Abstract Title:

Association Between Duration of Breast Feeding and Metabolic Syndrome: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.

Abstract Source:

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2017 Apr ;26(4):361-367. Epub 2017 Jan 10. PMID: 28072915

Abstract Author(s):

Se Rin Choi, Yong Min Kim, Min Su Cho, So Hyun Kim, Young Suk Shim

Article Affiliation:

Se Rin Choi

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the association of the lifelong duration of breast feeding with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Korean parous women aged 19-50 years.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4724 participants from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Survey were included. Subjects were divided into four groups according to the duration of breast feeding:≤5, 6-11, 12-23, or ≥24 months groups. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of MetS and its components were assessed according to the duration of breast feeding.

RESULTS: Women who breastfed for 6-11 months had an OR of 0.67 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-0.86) for elevated blood pressure (BP) compared with those who breastfed for≤5 months after adjustment for possible confounders in a multivariable logistic regression analyses. Women who breastfed for 12-23 months were associated with an OR of 0.68 (95% CI, 0.54-0.86) for elevated BP, an OR of 0.78 (95% CI, 0.62-0.97) for elevated glucose, and an OR of 0.73 (95% CI, 0.56-0.95) for MetS compared with those who breastfed for ≤5 months in a multivariable logistic regression analyses. Women who breastfed for ≥24 months had an OR of 0.62 (95% CI, 0.52-0.84) for elevated glucose, an OR of 0.76 (95% CI, 0.60-0.96) for elevated triglycerides, and an OR of 0.70 (95% CI,0.53-0.92) for MetS compared with those who breastfed for ≤5 months in a multivariable logistic regression analyses.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that lifelong breast feeding for≥12 months may be associated with lower risk for MetS.

Study Type : Human Study

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