These results suggest that Tanshinone IIA suppresses renal fibrosis and inflammation. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tanshinone IIA attenuates renal fibrosis and inflammation via altering expression of TGF-β/Smad and NF-κB signaling pathway in 5/6 nephrectomized rats.
Int Immunopharmacol. 2015 May ;26(1):4-12. Epub 2015 Mar 2. PMID: 25744602
PURPOSE: In traditional Chinese medicine, Tanshinone IIA is used to treat chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, its biological activity and mechanism of action in renal fibrosis and inflammation are not fully identified. The current study was conducted to determine the effects of Tanshinone IIA treatment on CKD by assessing potential modulation of the TGF-β/Smad and NF-κB signaling pathway.
METHODS: CKD was produced in rats by 5/6 nephrectomy. They were then divided into the following groups: control (sham operation); CKD (5/6 nephrectomy); 5/6 nephrectomy+Tanshinone IIA (10mg/kg in average, once a day for 16 weeks). Serum and urine samples were obtained from animals in each group, and serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels and 24h urinary protein excretion were measured. Tissue samples from the kidney were used for morphometric studies (Masson's trichrome). The expression of fibronectin protein and collagen types I, III, IV, and TGF-β, TNF-α, CXCL-1, MCP-1, RANTES mRNA were evaluated using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR analysis; the TGF-β/Smad and NF-κB signaling pathway was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis.
RESULTS: The following effects were observed in CKD rats treated with Tanshinone IIA: (1) marked improvements in Scr, and 24h urine protein excretion; (2) significant reductions in protein and mRNA levels of fibronectin, collagen III, and collagen IV and TNF-α, MCP-1, and CXCL-1; (3) significantly inhibited the TGF-β/Smad and NF-κB signaling activation.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Tanshinone IIA suppresses renal fibrosis and inflammation via altering expression of TGF-β/Smad and NF-κB pathway in the remnant kidney, thus supporting the potential of Tanshinone IIA as a new therapeutic agent for slowing the progression of CKD.