Tocotrienols attenuate UV-induced inflammaging. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Tocotrienol-rich fraction attenuates UV-induced inflammaging: A bench to bedside study.
J Cosmet Dermatol. 2018 Jun ;17(3):555-565. Epub 2017 Sep 26. PMID: 28952200
Wei Ney Yap
BACKGROUND: UV radiation from the sun is the most common environmental stressor to damage the skin. It is now well established that photodamaged skin manifests signs of mild but chronic inflammation, termed as"inflammaging."Thus, there is an urgent need for anti-inflammatory regimes that can limit the damage caused by inflammation.
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the possible palliative effects of a new topical nanoemulsion formulation containing tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) on UV-induced inflammation (erythema) of human skin.
METHODS: An in vitro model was used to demonstrate the ability of TRF to alleviate photodamage via attenuation of UV-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Two ex vivo models (skin antioxidative potential and radical sun protection factor) were used to determine the efficacy of different formulations of TRFon the skin. A UV-induced erythema protection test in 20 subjects was conducted.
RESULTS: In vitro studies involving HaCaT keratinocytes revealed that TRF possesses marked anti-inflammatory properties, as indicated by the attenuation of UV-induced upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. A 1% TRF formulation was found to be more effective in enhancing the endogenous antioxidative protection of skin compared to 1% TRF in medium chain triglycerides because of its higher penetration kinetic profile. The clinical study showed that formulated TRF was effective in reducing skin redness after UV irradiation as early as after 6 hours of application. A significant depigmentation was also observed in TRF treatment subjects.
CONCLUSION: TRF may serve as an anti-inflammatory compound that is safe to be applied daily to protect the skin from UV-induced inflammaging.