Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Acute neurobehavioral effects of toluene: involvement of dopamine and NMDA receptors.

Abstract Source:

Toxicology. 2009 Nov 9;265(1-2):34-40. Epub 2009 Sep 16. PMID: 19765629

Abstract Author(s):

Pi-Shih Lo, Chia-Yen Wu, Hong-Zher Sue, Hwei-Hsien Chen

Article Affiliation:

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.

Abstract:

Toluene, a widely used and commonly abused organic solvent, causes a variety of behavioral disturbances in both humans and animals. In this study, the effects of toluene on locomotor activity, motor coordination, and passive avoidance learning, along with the possible mechanism underlying these toluene-induced behavioral manifestations, were investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats were tested in the open field test, rotarod test, and step-through avoidance learning task after receiving toluene (250-750 mg/kg, i.p.). Toluene dose-dependently produced locomotor hyperactivity, motor incoordination, and memory impairment. In order to determine the possible roles of dopamine and NMDA receptors in these behavioral responses to toluene, dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH23390, D2 receptor antagonist raclopride, D3 receptor antagonist nafadotride, or d-serine, a co-agonist at the glycine binding site of NMDA receptors, were given prior to toluene administration. SCH23390, raclopride, and nafadotride attenuated locomotor hyperactivity, but not motor incoordination and memory impairment in response to toluene, whereas d-serine reduced all the toluene-induced behavioral alterations. These findings suggest that blockade of NMDA receptors may play a critical role in acute toluene-induced locomotor hyperactivity, motor incoordination, and memory impairment, and that dopamine neurotransmission may be specifically involved in locomotor hyperactivity.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.