Total Flavonoid Extract from Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida) Improves Inflammatory Cytokines-Evoked Epithelial Barrier Deficit.
Med Sci Monit. 2020 Feb 17 ;26:e920170. Epub 2020 Feb 17. PMID: 32065826
BACKGROUND Intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction is involved in the development and pathogenesis of intestinal diseases, such as irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, and celiac disease. This study was performed to evaluate the ability of total flavonoid extract from hawthorn (TFH) to improve TNF-alpha-evoked intestinal epithelial barrier deficit. MATERIAL AND METHODS Caco-2 cells monolayers were exposed to TNF-alpha in different concentrations of TFH. Intestinal epithelial barrier function was evaluated using epithelial permeability and transepithelial electrical resistance (TER). RESULTS Our findings showed that TFH alleviated the increase of paracellular permeability and the decline of transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) evoked by TNF-alpha. Additionally, 24-h pre-incubation with TFH inhibited TNF-alpha-evoked secretion of pro-inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and IL-1ß). Furthermore, TFH inhibited TNF-alpha-evoked overexpression of pMLC and MLCK and alleviated breakdown of TJs protein (ZO-1 and occludin). The activations of Elk-1 and NFkappaBp65 were inhibited by TFH pre-incubation. CONCLUSIONS TFH can alleviate TNF-alpha-evoked intestinal epithelial barrier deficit via the NFkappaBp65-mediated MLCK-MLC signaling pathway.