Total glucosides of Paeony effectively improves the symptoms of DSS-induced colitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Total glucosides of Paeony restores intestinal barrier function through inhibiting Lyn/Snail signaling pathway in colitis mice.
Phytomedicine. 2021 May 23 ;87:153590. Epub 2021 May 23. PMID: 34033998
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an autoimmune disease. The pathogenesis of IBD is complicated and intestinal mucosal barrier damage is considered as the trigger factor for the initiation and recurrence of IBD. Total Glucosides of Paeony (TGP) has shown good inhibitory effects on immune-inflammation in clinic studies. However, its effect and mechanism on IBD are largely unknown.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect and mechanism of TGP on IBD.
STUDY DESIGN: DSS-induced colitis mouse model was used. TGP was given by gavage. Caco-2 cells were stimulated by outer membrane vesicles (OMV) to establish an in vitro model.
METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were divided into normal control group, model group, mesalazine group, paeoniflorin (PA) group, high-dose group of TGP, and low-dose group of TGP. The model was induced with 2.5% DSS for 7 days, and TGP was intragastrically administered for 10 days. The therapeutic effect of TGP was evaluated by symptoms, histochemical analysis, RT-qPCR and ELISA. The mechanism was explored by intestinal permeability, Western blot and immunofluorescence in vivo and in vitro.
RESULTS: Our results showed that TGP could significantly improve the symptoms and pathological changes, with reduced levels of TNF-α, IL-17A, IL-23 and IFN-γ in the colon tissues and serum under a dose-dependent manner. TGP also reduced the intestinal permeability and restored the protein expression of tight junction and adherens junction proteins of intestinal epithelial cells in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, TGP could inhibit the expression of p-Lyn and Snail and prevent Snail nuclear localization, thereby maintaining tight and adherens junctions.
CONCLUSION: TGP effectively improves the symptoms of DSS-induced colitis in mice, protects the intestinal epithelial barrier by inhibiting the Lyn/Snail signaling pathway, and maybe a promise therapeutic agent for IBD treatment.