Abstract Title:

Transferrin enhances the antiproliferative effect of aluminum on osteoblast-like cells.

Abstract Source:

Am J Physiol. 1991 Apr ;260(4 Pt 1):E537-43. PMID: 2018119

Abstract Author(s):

K Kasai, M T Hori, W G Goodman

Article Affiliation:

K Kasai


Aluminum (Al) retention in the body can cause metabolic bone disease. This disorder is characterized by reductions in the number of osteoblasts, a feature that suggests a disturbance in bone cell proliferation or differentiation. Because Al as well as iron (Fe) can bind to transferrin (TF) in plasma, the role of TF as a modifier of osteoblast proliferation was examined in UMR-106-01 osteoblast-like cells by measuring the incorporation of tritiated thymidine ([3H]-TdR) into DNA (counts.min-1.microgram cell protein-1, means +/- SE) during 48-h incubations in serum-free medium (SFM). In the absence of TF, DNA synthesis decreased when media levels of Al exceeded 6-10 microM. The mitogenic response to physiological levels of unsaturated TF (apo-TF) was attenuated however during incubations with TF that was partially saturated with Al (Al-TF). A similar inhibitory response was seen in cells incubated with the antiproliferative agent gallium (Ga) when added to SFM as partially saturated Ga-TF. TF produced a shift to the left in the inhibitory dose-response curve to Al in osteoblast-like cells; thus, DNA synthesis decreased at substantially lower media concentrations of Al in cells grown in SFM containing partially saturated Al-TF. The results indicate that TF is an important determinant of the inhibitory effect of Al on DNA synthesis by osteoblast-like cells at the micromolar levels of Al that can occur in plasma in vivo.

Study Type : Human In Vitro

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.