Potentiation by turmeric and curcumin of gamma-radiation-induced chromosome aberrations in Chinese hamster ovary cells.
Teratog Carcinog Mutagen. 1999;19(1):9-18. PMID: 10321406
Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil. email@example.com
The effect of turmeric and curcumin, two natural antioxidants, on the frequencies of chromosome aberrations induced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by gamma-radiation was investigated. Cells were treated with three concentrations of each drug, turmeric (100, 250, and 500 microg/ml) and curcumin (2.5, 5, and 10 microg/ml), and then irradiated (2.5 Gy) during different phases of the cell cycle. Turmeric was not clastogenic by itself, whereas curcumin at 10 microg/ml enhanced the chromosomal damage frequency. Neither of the two antioxidants showed protective effect against the clastogenicity of gamma-radiation. Instead, an obvious increase in the frequencies of chromosome aberrations was observed when turmeric at 500 microg/ml was associated with gamma-radiation during G2/S phase, and curcumin at 10 microg/ml plus gamma-radiation during S and G2/S phases of the cell cycle. The results clearly indicate the exacerbated effect of turmeric and curcumin on radiation-induced clastogenicity, suggesting that these antioxidants are also potentiating agents depending on the experimental conditions.