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Abstract Title:

Role of turmeric extract in minimising mucositis in patients receiving radiotherapy for head and neck squamous cell cancer: a randomised, placebo-controlled trial.

Abstract Source:

J Laryngol Otol. 2020 Feb 7:1-6. Epub 2020 Feb 7. PMID: 32029014

Abstract Author(s):

P Arun, A Sagayaraj, S M Azeem Mohiyuddin, D Santosh

Article Affiliation:

P Arun

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of turmeric extract in reducing mucositis in patients undergoing radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.

METHODS: Sixty-one patients who underwent radiotherapy were included in the study and randomised into groups A and B. Patients in group A received 500 mg of turmeric extract (BCM-95) thrice daily, while patients in group B received placebo until radiotherapy completion. All patients were assessed for oral mucositis on a weekly basis during treatment and two months post-treatment using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events and World Health Organization criteria.

RESULTS: Both groups had a similar grade of mucositis in first two weeks of treatment. The severity of mucositis was progressive in the control group, with four patients developing grade 3 mucositis by week four. In group A, however, the majority of patients (73.3 per cent) had grade 1 mucositis after four weeks of treatment. The difference was statistically significant from the third week onwards (p<0.001).

CONCLUSION: Turmeric extract reduces the incidence and severity of radiation-induced mucositis, which can benefit patients undergoing radiation for head and neck cancer.

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