The effect of Korean Red Ginseng on sarcopenia biomarkers in type 2 diabetes patients.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2020 May 16 ;90:104108. Epub 2020 May 16. PMID: 32470863
BACKGROUND: The elderly population is growing rapidly worldwide and sarcopenia, which is considered as a new geriatric syndrome has become an important issue. In particular, diabetes is known to be an important risk factor for sarcopenia. In this study, we investigated the effects of Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) on biomarkers of sarcopenia in middle and old age diabetes patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants were randomly allocated to either the placebo or KRG group and took corresponding tablets for 24 weeks. The primary outcomes were changes in sarcopenia biomarkers at week 24. Secondary outcomes were changes in inflammatory and antioxidant markers and lean body mass at week 24.
RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients completed the study. Follistatin and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) were significantly improved in KRG group. In the subgroup analysis, female postmenopausal patients over the age of 55 showed a significant improvement in serum SHBG, follistatin, and growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) and an attenuated reduction in Troponin T (TNT) after the administration of KRG.
CONCLUSION: Twenty-four week administration of KRG in diabetes patients resulted in a significant improvement in follistatin and SHBG levels, especially in old postmenopausal women. A further, larger population study with a longer follow-up period is warranted to verify and understand the effects of KRG on sarcopenia.