Two purified proteins from royal jelly with in vitro dual anti-hepatic damage potency. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Two purified proteins from royal jelly with in vitro dual anti-hepatic damage potency: Major royal jelly protein 2 and its novel isoform X1.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Feb 1 ;128:782-795. Epub 2019 Feb 1. PMID: 30711561
Marwa M Abu-Serie
Liver diseases are serious life-threating conditions that should be controlled. Here, we identify a protein fraction from royal-jelly (RJ) that represents the most effective composite against CCl-induced hepatotoxicity and HepG2 cell growth. Two closely related proteins were purified from this fraction by a new simple method and identified by MALDI-TOF MS as major RJ protein 2 (MRJP2) and its predicted isoform X1. The in silico assessment (3D structures and functions) of these proteins were performed using Iterative Threading ASSEmbly Refinement (I-TASSER) analysis and RAMPAGE program. These two purified proteins were able to relieve the necrotic hepatocytes (by 60.4%) via reducing tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) and intracellular reactive species. The latter effects associated with improving hepatocyte functions. Furthermore, they revealed the potent anticancer effect via induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis and controlling the expression of both Bcl-2and p53 in HepG2 cells. Thus, MRJP2 and its isoform X1 can be a promising dual strategy for fighting hepatic injury and cancer in future animal and human studies.