Effect of prenatal exposure to diagnostic ultrasound on the development of mice.
Radiat Res. 1992 Apr;130(1):125-8. PMID: 1561312
Department of Radiobiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India.
Pregnant Swiss albino mice were exposed to diagnostic ultrasound (3.5 MHz, approximately 65 mW) for 10 min on Day 3.5 (preimplantation period), 6.5 (early organogenesis period), or 11.5 (late organogenesis period) of gestation. Sham-exposed controls were maintained for comparison. Exposed as well as control fetuses were dissected out on the 18th day of gestation, and changes in total mortality, body weight, body length, head length, brain weight, sex ratio, and microphthalmia were recorded. Exposure on Day 3.5 of gestation resulted in a small increase in the resorption rate and a significant reduction in fetal body weight. A low fetal weight and an increase in the number of growth-retarded fetuses were produced by exposure on Day 6.5 postcoitus. A statistically nonsignificant increase in the incidence of microphthalmia was induced in fetuses exposed on Day 6.5 or Day 11.5 of gestation. These results indicate that ultrasound may have some adverse effects on the mouse embryos depending on the developmental stage at which the exposure occurred.