Activation of the miR-34a-Mediated SIRT1/mTOR Signaling Pathway by Urolithin A Attenuates D-Galactose-Induced Brain Aging in Mice.
Neurotherapeutics. 2019 Oct ;16(4):1269-1282. PMID: 31420820
Despite tremendous advances in modern medicine, effective prevention or therapeutic strategies for age-related neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain limited. Currently, accumulating evidence has demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly associated with age-related diseases and are emerging as promising therapeutic targets. Urolithin A, a metabolite compound resulting from the transformation of ellagitannins by gut bacteria, has been reported to have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic properties. The present study primarily focused on the ameliorative effect of urolithin A on aging mice and on the exploration of the potential mechanisms of such an ameliorative effect on cognitive impairment and brain aging. In this study, we first tested the neuroprotective effect of urolithin A using an in vitro HO-induced PC12 cell oxidative damage model. The in vivoD-gal-induced brain aging model showed that urolithin A significantly suppressed the upregulation of miR-34a induced by D-gal. Moreover, target genes associated with miR-34a were also examined. Urolithin A supplementation ameliorated apoptosis induced by D-gal and rescued miR-34a overexpression-induced impaired autophagy in brain aging mice after a 2-month administration. Furthermore, urolithin A activated autophagy by upregulating the SIRT1 signaling pathway and downregulating the mTOR signaling pathway. In conclusion, urolithin A may exert neuroprotective effects and may aid in preventing D-gal-induced brain aging through activation of the miR-34a-mediated SIRT1/mTOR signaling pathway.