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Abstract Title:

Therapeutic effect of ursolic acid on fetal development in pregnant rats with gestational diabetes mellitus via AGEs-RAGE signaling pathway.

Abstract Source:

J Food Biochem. 2021 Feb 15:e13651. Epub 2021 Feb 15. PMID: 33586798

Abstract Author(s):

Senge Dai, Xiaoyan Meng, Xiaqin Cai, Chun Yuan, Zhongmei Zhao, Li Zhong, Yongmei Shi, Fengling Yin

Article Affiliation:

Senge Dai

Abstract:

To investigate the effect of ursolic acid on the fetal development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) caused by streptozotocin (STZ) and explore the potential mechanism for it. For the current experimental research, SD rats (pregnant animal) were used. STZ has been used to cause the diabetes mellitus in pregnant rats. Rats with evolved GDM were randomly divided and ursolic acid was given to pregnant rats in the experimental period up to 19 days in a dose-dependent manner. Blood samples and fetal rats of all group rats were collected at 19 days (pregnant rats), fetal rats and placental rats were weighted and the blood glucose, plasma insulin, C-peptide, and lipid parameters of pregnant women were estimated prior to delivery. Advanced serum glycation end-products (AGEs) were estimated at regular intervals in the heart and brain of pregnant rats. Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1), NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2), Role of advanced glycation end product (RAGE), Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), p65, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) mRNA expression were estimated in the placenta. STZ-induced GDM pregnant rats showed significantly decreased placental weight and weight of fetal rats and dose-dependent ursolic acid treatment (p < .001) improved placental weight and weight of fetal rats at dose-dependent levels. After the ursolic acid treatment, serum blood glucose and lipid level were improved especially fasting blood glucose (FBG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), hepatic glycogen, fasting insulin (FINS), and serum insulinlevel and reached near to the normal control group rats. The antioxidant level of pancreas and liver were significantly (p < .001) reduced by the dose-dependent treatment of ursolic acid. Treatment with Ursolic acid moderately but not significantly decreases the risk of fetal development defects relative to the GDM group. The potential effect on fetal development in Pregnant Rats with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus via AGEs-RAGE signaling pathway was shown by Ursolic acid. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: As we know that the gestational diabetes mellitus increases worldwide day by day. In the current experimental study, we try to examine the gestational diabetic effect of ursolic acid. The finding of the current study showed the gestational diabetic protective effect in the female rats via AGEs-RAGE signaling pathway. The result showed the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and biochemical parameters. On the basis of the result, we can say that the ursolic acid can be the protective drug for treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Study Type : Animal Study

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