Ursolic Acid Enhances Cytotoxicity of Doxorubicin-Resistant Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells via//Axis.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2021 Jan 25. Epub 2021 Jan 25. PMID: 33493421
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most serious subtype of breast cancer (BC) and has been a great health threat to females. Although chemotherapeutic agent contributes a lot to TNBC treatment, drug resistance has been a great obstacle for chemotherapies. Ursolic acid (UA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound, was reported to reverse paclitaxel resistance in BC. However, whether UA could affect the resistance of TNBC cells to other drugs such as doxorubicin (DOX) remains to be discovered.MTT assay, EdU assay, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry analysis were implemented to detect the viability, proliferation, and apoptosis of DOX-resistant MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-436 cells with or without UA treatment. Mechanism assays including RIP, RNA pull-down, and luciferase reporter assays verified the interaction between RNAs.UA treatment hindered the growth and mitigated the DOX resistance of DOX-resistant MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-436 cells. Mechanistically, multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 () expression was downregulated by UA treatment.was verified to target. Further, UA-inhibited(zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 antisense RNA 1) was verified as a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to upregulatethrough sponging. Importantly, UA treatment impaired the malignant phenotypes of DOX-resistant MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-436 cells throughaxis.UA promotes TNBC cell sensitivity to DOX through inactivatingsignaling.