Effect of citrus peels-supplemented diet on longevity, memory index, redox status, cholinergic and monoaminergic enzymes in Drosophila melanogaster model.
J Food Biochem. 2021 Feb ;45(2):e13616. Epub 2021 Feb 3. PMID: 33533492
This study sought to determine the life span promoting effecof orange (Citrus sinensis), tangerine (Citrus maxima) and grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) peels in Drosophila melanogaster model. Flies (both gender, 3 to 5 days old) were divided into seven (7) groups (n = 5) containing 40 flies each; group I (control) flies were fed with basal diet, II-VII were flies were fed with basal diet containing 0.1 and 1.0% of tangerine peel (TP), orange peel (CP), and grapefruit peel (GP) respectively, for 14 days. Locomotor performance and memory index were assessed via negative geotaxis and aversive phototaxis suppression assays, respectively. Thereafter, the fly homogenates were assayed for activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), monoamine oxidase (MAO) and antioxidant enzymes as well as other indices of theirredox. The results revealed that the citrus peels significantly improved longevity, locomotor performance, memory index, antioxidant status, and modulate cholinesterase and monoamine oxidase enzyme activities in treated flies when compared to the control. The results obtained suggest that the citruspeels offer potentials as dietary supplement with life span promoting properties in D. melanogaster model which could as well serve as a functional food additives. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Citrus peels, although often considered agro-wastes, are used as food supplements and food ingredents especially in production of candies, jams and custards. This study suggests the use of orange (Citrus sinensis), tangerine (Citrus maxima), and grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) peels as dietary supplements which offers potential life span promoting properties.