In utero DDT exposure and breast density before age 50. - GreenMedInfo Summary
In Utero DDT Exposure and Breast Density Before Age 50.
Reprod Toxicol. 2019 Nov 8. Epub 2019 Nov 8. PMID: 31711904
Nickilou Y Krigbaum
Prior studies in the Child Health and Development Studies (CHDS) found in utero exposure to the pesticide, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), increased breast cancer risk by age 52. Mammographic density is considered a primary risk factor for breast cancer. We conducted a study of 309 daughters from the CHDS to examine in utero DDT exposure and mammographic density in midlife. Among daughters with high (>75th percentile) exposure to p,p'-Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), p,p'-DDT was significantly correlated with increased dense area and percent density regardless of her body mass in midlife. In the subset of women with lower (<75th percentile) p,p-DDE, p,p'-DDT was associated with increased non-dense breast area. This was explained by adjustment for midlife BMI suggesting that p,p'-DDT may be obesogenic. In aggregate our findings indicate that early life p,p'-DDT exposure impacts breast density in a complex way that depends on the hosts biological ability to sequester and process DDT and levels of exposure.