Sudden infant death syndrome and diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-poliomyelitis vaccination status.
Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 1995;9(3):263-70. PMID: 7557822
Département de Pharmacologie Clinique, Hôpital Clocheville, CHRU Bretonneau, Tours, France.
Because diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and poliomyelitis vaccine is routinely given during the period of highest incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), we carried out a retrospective case-control study to assess whether such vaccination increased the risk of SIDS. The vaccination status of 118 SIDS and 332 control children, matched for sex, date of birth and age of the victims at death, was compared: the victims of SIDS were not significantly more often vaccinated than control children, the odds ratio was estimated at 1.9 with a 95% confidence interval from 0.9 to 3.9. There was a statistical difference between vaccination status of SIDS cases and controls aged less than three months. Nine percent of SIDS cases under 3 months had been vaccinated whereas the matched controls had not. In our study DTCP vaccination was not a risk factor for SIDS; although more of the SIDS infants less than 3 months of age had been vaccinated. This result however, concerns only one subgroup of the population studied and needs to be confirmed with another study of only SIDS infants less than 3 months of age, because DTCP vaccination was not a risk factor for SIDS when considering the total sample of the study.