Bis(allixinato)oxovanadium(IV) complex is a potent antidiabetic agent: studies on structure-activity relationship for a series of hydroxypyrone-vanadium complexes.
J Med Chem. 2006 Jun 1;49(11):3251-6. PMID: 16722643
There is an urgent medical need for orally effective drugs to replace insulin injections for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Vanadium complexes with insulin-mimetic activities have recently been proposed as candidates as new antidiabetic drugs. Following in vitro and in vivo studies on a group of bis(3-hydroxy-4-pyronato)oxovanadium(IV) (1) complexes with VO(O4) coordination mode, bis(allixinato)oxovanadium(IV) (3) which contains allixin, a garlic component, was found to be the most potent antidiabetic agent among them. Complex 3 with a high in vitro insulin-mimetic activity in terms of both free fatty acid (FFA)-release inhibitory and glucose-uptake enhancing activities in isolated rat adipocytes exhibited a high hypoglycemic effect in type 1 diabetic model mice by both intraperitoneal injections and oral administrations. Complex 3 is thus proposed to be one of the most effective candidates for antidiabetic therapy.